Varieties of Flowering Plum Trees. Varieties of Natal Plum 'Emerald Blanket' is a dwarf cultivar.It is a low, spreading plant that is often used as a ground cover shrub. These plums ripen later in the season than ‘Owen T’ plums. The tarter cultivars are suitable for using in baking or making jellies. Research shows that 90% of yellow plums that are commercially cultivated are either made into jams or fruit brandy. Eat this one fresh because its incredible sweetness is rivaled by few other varieties . A new variety of plum which in most areas is more than a match for most other varieties. On the other hand, John W plums which are named after their fruit breeder – John H. Weinberger – distinguish themselves with purple skin and orange flesh. Growing in U.S. Department of … Sometimes dark-skinned Moyer plums are sold as Italian prunes or French prunes. Unlike Japanese plums, they come in an oval shape with lemony green-yellow skin and prominent patches of reddish-blue color. There is hardly any tartness in the taste, and many say that the sweet taste is reminiscent of cherry-flavored fruit punch. There are around 40 species of plums, and a single plum tree can yield around 100 lbs. The difference between these two cultivars is skin and flesh color. You will find out about the best plums for eating fresh and about the ones that are tastiest in cooked and baked food. European plum varieties Japanese plums varieties Cherry plums Plumcots Along with peaches and nectarines, plums are the defining fruit of the summer season. However, you can plant Mirabelle plum trees in your garden if you want to grow some of the sweetest plums available. It is dark blue-black and nearly round, similar to many California dessert plums. To let them survive for this long, you will need to refrigerate the plums. This plum cultivar is usually ripe for eating in mid- to late summer. Several types of wild plum resemble the Asian plum, but are better options for the coldest climates. Japanese plums varieties can be self-fruitful, with a single tree bearing fruit, while others require cross-pollination by another Japanese plum variety. pink plum blossoms of purple-leaved cherry plum, prunus cerasifera. Here’s a brief description of these plum hybrids: Let’s look in more detail at the various types of plums that are common in local stores. These newer varieties are hybrid crosses of fruit bearing plum and cherry trees. Flavorful light-skinned plums—like Greengage—had been mostly replaced by larger, darker fruits, which hide bruises. These plum varieties are characterized by a dark peel background and scarlet pulp, giving them their name. Another type of sweet black plum is the ‘El Dorado’ cultivar. Not all varieties of plums can be used for making prunes. Also, the soft flesh of the fruit means that it doesn’t travel well, so you will usually only find these plums sold in France. Plum Tree Varieties (continued - page 2) Choosing Your Plum Tree (continued) TASTE The best way to make a decision on taste, is to understand a little about the variety of plums available. Red plums are available with a sweet-tart flavor that can increase your mineral and vitamin intake while giving you a dose of excellent antioxidants at the same time. There are more than 400 species in this genus. Both these varieties of black plums are recently introduced and are considered to be amongst the large plum varieties. This drupe fruit is extremely juicy when biting into its firm flesh. You can also use them to make delectable jams, reductions, compotes, and a wide variety of alcohol. When fully ripe, the yellow plum can be eaten raw, providing a high amount of carbohydrates to boost energy levels. Owen T plums flaunt attractive bluish-black skin with sweet yellowish flesh. Buy Dwarf Plum Trees online is after all a sound financial investment that will reward for many years to come so it makes sense not only to select from a specialist nursery in fruit trees, but also to have the pleasure of choosing from the widest range possible. Shiro ripens 7 -10 days later and is firmer than Gold plum. Another type of Japanese black plum includes Friar, which consists of a lighter tone of amber flesh. Botanically classified as Prunus domestica, greengage plums are sold out in the summer season by over a dozen cultivars such as Imperial Gage, Reine Claude, Bryanston, Golden Transparent, Laxton’s Gage, and Cambridge Gage. OTHER VARIETIES. Description A small tree with oblong-lance shaped leaves, smooth, red brown to black bark, the Flatwoods plum tree has masses of showy white flowers in early spring. A single plum can weigh up to 8 oz. Mirabelle plums look similar to apricots as they have bright yellow-orangey skins. Following are some of the main types of Japanese plums that are dominating the commercial supply of plums. You can use this plum in cooking as its firm flesh and sweet-sour taste adds flavor and texture to many dishes. Click here to go to our comprehensive description and pictures of the Avalon plum tree. These large plums have bluish-dark purple skins surrounding sweet flesh that is a light yellow color. Flowering Plum Tree . Your fingers should leave a slight indentation if the fruit is ripe. This is primarily a top quality eating plum but it also cooks well when harvested slightly earlier. RECOMMENDED VARIETIES Taste is a matter of personal preference, GardenAction list below some popular varieties of plum which you may wish to consider. The subgenus is distinguished from other subgenera (peaches, cherries, bird cherries, etc.) These delicious fruits can be ideally picked in late summers to early autumns. You can tell if the plums are ripe by gently squeezing the skin. Moyer plums are a common purple plum and one of the most popular varieties. In spite of our stronger cultural connections with Europe when it comes to food, it is actually the Japanese plum that most people would identify as the typical American plum.Originally from China, these plums Hints of tartness from the black skin combined with the sweetness of the beet-colored flesh make these plums a variety to look for. You can find these fruits in medium to large sizes with moist, reddish flesh. These members of the Rosaceae family include many familiar grocery store staples: almonds, apricots, cherries, nectarines, peaches, and plums. (45 kg) of medium-sized fruits. Their high sugar content means that these round fruits are excellent for making jellies, jams, and baked goods. ‘Black Beauty’ is another type of Japanese plum that has bright yellow flesh and dark, deep purple-red skin. With so many health benefits, it is good to know that plums come in a wide range of variety. The crop is ready for picking in late August, and the trees usually produce a bumper crop. Consumers of greengage plums suggest that these beautiful-looking fruits have dense and juicy flesh, having the right balance of honey-like sweetness and subtle acidity of citrus fruits. Greengage plums aren’t just flavorful but they are also packed with an excellent nutrition profile, containing vitamins A, C, and K. In addition, they also filled with minerals like potassium and phosphorus. Photos Details: Both these varieties of black plums are recently introduced and are considered to be amongst the large plum varieties. Our varieties of plum trees are cold hardy and therefore suitable for growing in northern Canada. The firm flesh and tart skin holds up well in cooking and baking. Owing to these nutrients and more, plums help improve the heart’s health, circulation of blood, lower the cholesterol level, remove the appearance of skin scars and thus improve one’s complexion. Plum trees (Prunus spp.) Due to their impeccable sweet taste, Mayor Plums are often labeled as “sugar plums”. The most commom variety of plum used for making prunes is the European plum. Commonly referred to as Mirabelle prunes or cherry plums, Mirabelle plums are a surprisingly small and sweet fruit, that are commonly grown in the Lorraine region of France. This round plum is one of the few sweet plum varieties that ripens in mid-summer. Plums are usually categorized into Japanese plums (Prunus salicina) and European plums (Prunus domestica). Watermelon plum. The skin of these sweet plums is dark violet, and the waxy coating gives them a smoky appearance. Plum Tree Care and Diseases Plum Tree Care, Pruning & Disease Prevention. Generally, plucots boast a yellowish-green exterior with a bold pink to the red interior. 'Nana' is a thornless dwarf cultivar that grows to only 12 to 18 inches tall and wide and has white flowers. One may think of them having a sour-like taste since most green-hued fruits are sour. In New Zealand the most popular Plums grown are Japanese as these tend to have the big fat fleshy fruit that we all love. To make the most of pluots, you will have to look for fresh, fragrant plums that are firm and vibrant in their appearance. The subgenus is distinguished from other subgenera (peaches, cherries, bird cherries, etc.) Some types of plums have a red sour flavored-skin that surrounds sweet juicy yellow flesh. Depending on the variety, greengage plums can range from a small to medium size and flaunt pale yellow-green to bright lime with red specks as their skin surface. The red flesh is tart and sweet, and the skin tastes like berries. Elephant heart plums are generally ready for picking between September and October. The purple-leaved plum tree is a dramatic ornamental tree. It flowers in the spring with small pink flowers. Victoria plums are red in color, greengage plums are green in color and Mirabella plums are yellow in color and damson plums are black in color. PLUM VARIETIES. Lydecker – The Lydecker is a new variety of plum harvested the first week of September. These delicious plums are best eaten fresh due to their juicy flesh. Maturity Chart. Japanese Varieties. You may also find Moyer plums being sold as Italian plums, French prunes, Italian prunes, or just fresh prunes. Santa Rosa plums are suitable for many uses, including eating fresh or using in baked goods. Plum Varieties. Friars feature a round shape with a dark-violet to brightly black color. Plum are the one of the first fruit cultivated by humans. Greengage plums may appear to be deceiving with an unripe-shade – green. Use this list to help choose fruit trees which yield fruit at different times throughout the season. Inside, the flesh of plums is soft and juicy, and it usually has an amber color. Its skin is smooth and shiny. One of the most popular types of black Japanese plums is the ‘Black Ruby’ cultivar. However, the truth is greengage plums are naturally green in color even when they become mature. It is best to consume yellow plums when freshly harvested. Compared to other dark-skinned plums, the ‘Black amber’ has firm flesh and distinct tartness to the taste. ‘Owen T’ plums are usually ready for eating in mid-season. If the plums are still hard and unripe, you can put them in a paper bag at room temperature to speed up the ripening time. These Japanese plums require hand thinning and more than one picking. But research shows that they have the highest sugar level. Maturity Chart. Moyer plums tend to ripen late in the season. In addition to a terrific weight loss booster, red plums improve the heart’s health as well. This plum variety is considered one of the best European plums for its shape and taste. They consist of phenolic compounds that prevent LDL cholesterol from clogging into your bloodstream and thus lower the risk of a heart attack or stroke. Black plums get their name from the dark purple skin that surrounds their flesh. This freestone plum variety has green-amber juicy flesh that turns a deep fuchsia color when cooked. Here is some general information on the plum tree. - Thomas Jefferson , (1743-1826) PRUNES: Early Laxton Empress – The Empress is a well-known European plum variety. These types of plums have firm flesh and are often eaten fresh. Some groups of people believe that plums were carried to Rome around 200 B.C. The juicy flesh has a firm texture that is common with many European plums. Japanese plum trees grow well in full sun and produce showy white flowers. Get your hands on all these different types of plums and either eat them raw or cook/bake them into luscious dishes like cakes, pastries, pies, biscuits, etc. (Harvest dates are approximate for south central PA. woman (33 years old) picking plums (prunus domestica), 'opal', july - plum tree stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. 'Boxwood Beauty' is another thornless variety.It has a mounded growth habit and is often used as a foundation planting or ground cover. Caselton, a type of European plum, is cold hardy, but not disease resistant. If you are looking for the largest type of plum, then the ‘Owen T’ cultivar is thought to be the biggest. Generally, yellow plums are used for making dessert pies, jams, fruit preserves, juices, and plum brandy. Buying Plums By Appearance Customers, even avid fans of plums, tend to remember and seek out their favorites by shape, skin, and flesh color rather than by name. It is a large reddish-grey skin plum with an amber flesh. Plums are hanging on a plum tree on August 12, 2016 in Berlin, Germany. The flavors that work best with greengage plums include nutmeg, tropical fruits, vanilla, butter, chocolate, citrus, and tropical flavors. It’s at this time when the fruits are at their sweetest. Other popular varieties of small plum trees include ‘Johnson,’ ‘Damson’ plums, ‘Stanley,’ and ‘Methley.’ These little fruit trees grow well in large pots and can grow up to 8 ft. (2.4 m) tall. These sweet plums are sometimes called Mirabelle prunes or cherry plums. The intensely sweet, juicy flesh also makes this a perfect plum for snacking on. Mirabelle plums are the sweetest of all plum varieties. Each of these groups contains many additional types of plums that we have discussed in detail below. Plum fruits are a type of drupe because they have a stone in the middle that’s surrounded by soft, sweet or tart flesh. European plums can be found in a number of varieties, varying in their colors and flavors. On the other hand, Japanese plums are better able to tolerate summer heat. Unfortunately, they can’t be imported to other countries due to difficulties concerning the import of fresh and excellent quality of products. This plum cultivar is similar to the ‘Owen T’ variety in size. Friar plums take time to mature as they are usually ripe three weeks after Black Ruby. Other varieties of plums are extremely sweet with dark purple skin and amber-colored flesh. This is a relatively new plum that tastes utterly delicious and comes in a bluish-black color. Plum tomatoes hold their shape well when canned, and are easier to slice because of their high ratio of flesh to pulp. Use this list to help choose fruit trees which yield fruit at different times throughout the season. Types of Melons: Different Varieties of Melons From Around the World, Types of Cherries: Amazing Varieties of Sweet and Tart (Sour) Cherries (With Pictures and Names), Types of Onions: Varieties of Onions and How to Use Them (Including Pictures), Types of Mangoes: Mango Varieties From Around the World With Pictures, Types of Plums: Black, Red, and More Varieties (With Pictures) – Including Plumcots, Apriums, and Pluots, Types of Peaches: Freestone, Clingstone and More, Types of Citrus Fruits With their Picture and Classification, Types of Cherries: Varieties of Sweet and Tart (Sour) Cherries. Purple-leaf plum trees, also flowering plum trees or cherry plum trees, can add interest to your yard or garden with their dark red to purple foliage and abundance of white to light pink spring blossoms. John encourages potential plum growers to do their homework and find out which varieties … The ‘French Prune’ is a type of fresh plum that is perfect for drying to make prunes. Unlike many other varieties of plums, damsons are high in sugar with an astringent taste. Since most species and varieties of yellow plums contain a relatively high amount of naturally occurring sugar, they are great for people with an active lifestyle. These dark oval plums are medium to large size and are another popular variety for eating fresh. The round plums have a bluish appearance due to the waxy coating that covers most types of prunes. Below is a list of our Japanese plum variety offerings. . They are usually sold fresh and plump, having a pleasantly sweet flavor. Plum tomatoes often boil down faster than other varieties. The purple-blue skin covers firm yellowish-green flesh that has a sour taste. Although called a satsuma plum, they have nothing to do with the citrus fruit. Find the perfect plum varieties stock photo. Avoid soggy or soft pluots as chances are they haven’t ripened quite well. One of his specialties is plums: He's grown more than 30 varieties on his farm in Palermo, Maine. Although no type of plum tree (Prunus sp.) Like its skin, the flesh also differs as some are red in color while others in lighter tones of yellow. This plum variety is a great all-rounder as it’s one of the most versatile types of black plum you can grow. Depending on the variety of plum, a single plum measures between 0.7” and 2.7” (2 – 7 cm). The fruit is sweetest when it's allowed to ripen on the tree. Fruit Trees > Plum Trees > Plum Varieties European Varieties Japanese Varieties. Plums are delicious fruits that grow on trees and are classified in the genus Prunus. To ensure the healthy growth of Moyer Plums, plant its crop with other European plum varieties like Brooks Plum. See more ideas about purple leaf plum tree, plum tree, tree. Otherwise, the fruit may lose its original flavor and may not taste as vigorous as it ought to. Plumcots, apriums, and pluots are all naturally developed fruits that combine varieties of plums and apricots. Satsuma plums are a Japanese variety of medium to small red round plums. Varieties of Flowering Plum Trees. You can find a number of varieties of pluots at a market – Dapple Dandy, Flavor Grenade, Flavorglo, and Dinosaur Egg. However, Owen T is regarded as the largest plum as it measures up to 3 inches in width and weighs almost half a pound. This species of plum is delicious fresh and is often dried to create sweet prunes. You can also pair them up with savory food items like cheese such as ricotta and chevre, herbs including chili, basil, and arugula, bacon, seafood, and lamb. Types of European plums are usually very sweet with juicier flesh and are used in baking or for making jams and jellies. The common name blood plum refers to the deep red color of the skin and flesh. Types of Plums: Black, Red, and More Varieties (With Pictures) They are firm and crisp which is why they are commonly used in making mint salsa. These two fruit trees were first cross-bred to create cherry plum fruit trees in the late 1800s. Also known as Prunus domestica, this dry variety of plums boasts an oblong sort of shape and is often labeled as “fresh prunes” in the markets. Most people incorrectly assume that these moist fruits were first domesticated by cultivars in the wild. Plums are a type of stone fruit that can have oval or round shape. However, Owen T is regarded as the largest plum as it measures up to 3 inches in width and weighs almost half a pound. They bloom earlier than European plums… This sweet and sour taste combination makes damson plums excellent for using in savory or sweet dishes to add a bit of tartness. China is the world’s largest producers of plums. These two fruit trees were first cross-bred to create cherry plum fruit trees in the late 1800s. 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